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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts & Figures of Algeria

Political leadership

Algeria Abdelmadjid Tebboune

President Abdelmadjid Tebboune (since 19 December 2019)

Prime Minister Abdelaziz Djerad (Since 28 December 2019)

Land

total: 2,381,741 sq km Land 2,381,741 km²; Water (0) km2; (country comparison to the world: 11)

Boundaries

total: 6,734 km

Border countries

Libya989 kmMali1,359 kmMauritania460 km
Morocco1,900 kmNiger951 kmTunisia1,034 km
Western Sahara41 km

Coastline

998 km

Population

42.2 million (January 2018 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 29.3% 15-64 years: 65% 65+: 5.7% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.18% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

72.6% of total population (2018)

Major cities

ALGIERS (capital) 2.7 million; Oran 881,000 (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%

Religions

Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Berber or Tamazight (official), French (lingua franca)

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 80.2% male 87.2% female 73.1% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$199.37 billion (2017 est.); $196.03 billion (2016 est.);

GDP growth

1.7% (2017 est.); 3.3% (2016 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$4,825.18 (2017 est.); $4,827.72 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate (of labour force)

11.7% (2017 est.); 10.5% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

12% (2017 est.)

Public debt

25.8% of GDP (2017 est.); 20.6% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

5.6% (2017 est.); 6.4% (2016 est.)