Fanack Home / Libya

Libya

Political leadership

Libya

Chairman of the High Council of State Abdulrahman Asswehly (since 6 April 2016)

Prime Minister and Chairman of the Presidential Council of the National Unity Government Fayez al-Sarraj (since 30 March 2016)

Prime Minister of the Interim Government Abdullah Al-Thanni (Acting from 11 August 2015)

Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government Khalifa al-Ghawil (acting from 31 March 2015)

Land

Total 1,759,540 sq km; Land 1,759,540 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 18)

Boundaries

total: 4,339 km

Border countries

Algeria 989 km Chad 1,050 km Egypt 1,115 km
Niger 342 km Sudan 382 km Tunisia 461 km

Coastline

1,770 km

Population

6.37 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.53% 15-64 years: 70.04% 65+ 4.43% (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

1.3% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

80.1% of total population (2018)

Major cities

TRIPOLI (capital) 1.158 million; Benghazi 799,000; Misratah 801,000 (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Religions

Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, other 0.7% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 91%; male: 96.7%; female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$46.68 billion (2017); $36.81 billion (2016)

GDP growth

26.68% (2017); -2.79% (2016)

GDP per capita

$7,314.6 (2017 est.); $5,848.9 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

17.68% (2017 est.); 18.42% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

38.6% (2014 est.)

Public debt

4.7% of GDP (2017 est.); 7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

28.5% (2017 est.)

"Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence.
This is the equation."

IBN RUSHD/AVERROES (1126 – 1198)

We are a Dutch not for profit organisation (NGO), financed solely by individuals who share our belief in the importance of publishing and disseminating reliable, unbiased information on the Middle East & North Africa region. To represent the voice of the region’s people, we carefully echo the region’s heartbeat by offering fact-checked and therefore credible information.

Your support is greatly appreciated and helpful!

COVID-19 UPDATE

Get the latest update on the Coronavirus outbreak in the Middle East and North Africa.

Regional Update