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Turkey

Political leadership

Turkey Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 10 August 2014)

Land

Total 783,562 sq km; Land 769,632 sq km; Water 13,930 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 38)

Boundaries

total: 2,816 km

Border countries

Armenia 311 km Azerbaijan 17 km Bulgaria 223 km
Georgia 273 km Greece 192 km Iran 534 km
Iraq 367 km Syria 899 km

Coastline

7,200 km

Population

80.81 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.6% 15-64 years: 67.9% 65+ 8.5 % (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

1.24% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

92.5% of total population (2017)

Major cities

Istanbul 18.6% of total population, ANKARA (capital) 6.7%, Izmir 5.3%, Izmir 3,6%, Antalya 2.9% (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)

Religions

Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Languages

Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.6% male: 98.6% female: 92.6% (2015)

Real GDP

$1.206 Trillion (2017); $1.123 Trillion (2016)

GDP growth

7.4% (2017); 3.2% (2016)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$14,933.3 (2017 est.); $14,117.4 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

11.26% (2017 est.); 10.84% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

0.2% (2016 est.)

Public debt

28.3% of GDP (2017 est.); 28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

11.1% (2017 est.)

"Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence.
This is the equation."

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