Results for Category: Iran
Iran is ethnically diverse, although the government does not disclose any information about ethnicity in its statistics. However, most sources confirm that Persians represent 61 per cent of the population, followed by Kurds (10 per cent), Lurs (6 per cent) and Baloch (2 per cent). Other ethnicities account for the remaining 21 per cent, including Azerbaijanis (16 per cent), Arabs (2 per cent), Turkmen and Turkic tribes (2 per cent), as well as Armenians, Assyrians and Georgians.
Her clients were women who protested the obligatory dress code by taking off their hijab in public in 2018, an act that the authorities equate with treason. Sotoudeh was already well-known for having represented jailed opposition activists and politicians following the disputed June 2009 presidential elections as well as prisoners sentenced to death for crimes committed when they were minors.
Smuggling became a lucrative business, with 20 to 40 million litres being smuggled across the border per day. In addition, because Iran borders 15 countries, it is almost impossible for the government to control all its borders on a permanent basis. To overcome fuel smuggling, the government resorted to another policy: reducing subsidies.
Iran’s strategy following the US’ withdrawal from the JCPOA has focused on two objectives. The first is to push back against the maximum pressure policy with the aim of proving its irrelevance in bringing Iran to the negotiating table on US terms. The second is to drive a wedge between the US and its regional allies, especially Iran’s Arab neighbours.