The KRG has continued to grow in stature and international standing, even as ISIS has harassed its borders and threatened its very existence. But the greatest threat to a prosperous future remains an internal one. The demon of internecine strife has not disappeared and, while the fault lines of Kurdish politics continue to undercut the region’s potential, any talk of truly stable and steady progress remains just that: talk.
Results for Category: Iraq
The Mosul liberation operation entails high risks and big challenges. According to the United Nations, a problem that Iraq is facing during the liberation operation, and will continue to face even after the liberation, is that almost one million people may be forced to leave their homes, which will lead to a suffocating humanitarian crisis.
While there remain more questions than answers about one of the world’s most dangerous terrorist leaders, it is perhaps Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi ’s secret persona coupled with his reputation as an organized and ruthless battlefield tactician that has enhanced his group’s appeal, particularly among young jihadists, who have joined IS in their thousands.
A large number of texts in the Iraqi constitution address human rights, but governmental and national institutions have been accused by local and international human rights organizations of delinquency, infringement and non-compliance with these provisions or with international agreements of which Iraq is a signatory.
The demonstrators accused the judiciary of corruption and serving influential officials in successive Shiite-dominated governments. The accusations directly targeted Midhat al-Mahmud, chief justice of the Iraqi Supreme Judicial Council and president of the Iraqi Supreme Federal Court. One of the accusations against al-Mahmud was that his verdicts were aligned largely with the policies of former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
Kurdistan has been suffering immense security and economic problems since early 2014, which argue against changing the leadership of the region now.
Islamic State (IS) poses the greatest security threat to the region. The peshmerga, the armed forces of Kurdistan, have so far repelled the IS attacks, but the threat hasn’t subsided.
Since late July, ten of Iraq’s 18 provinces, including Baghdad, have experienced a string of protests. The largest took place in late August when protesters, emboldened by support from the country’s top cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, took to the streets of Baghdad, Najaf, Basra and other cities in the Shiite south, calling for an end to endemic government corruption, more equitable power sharing, judiciary reform, and better electricity, sanitation and healthcare services.