According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the alleged Israeli air strike on 7 September 2017 killed or injured at least seven Syrian military personnel. However, such strikes have raised fears of escalating tensions between the two nations or a new war between Israel and its long-time enemy Hezbollah.
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In some cases, parents with unregistered marriages, aware of the likely future issues for their children if their births are not legally registered, have resorted to fraud. For instance, some women in Lebanon told the NRC that they had borrowed relatives’ identification documents when giving birth at a hospital in order to make sure the child’s birth could be registered.
More than an experiment, these local councils and their different models of governance could be pivotal in the post-war reconstruction process. Additionally, Russia’s increasing recognition of the value of local councils could help promote a dialogue between all the parties involved in the conflict.
The agreement drew swift opposition and skepticism from Syrian rebels, who now control the four areas designated as safe zones. The rebels vowed never to accept any plan sponsored by Iran, a key ally of President Bashar Assad. The rebels further questioned why a truce would take effect only in the four zones instead of throughout all of war-ravaged Syria.
That night, on the president’s orders, the US military launched 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles at Shayrat airbase in western Syria, from which the planes carrying the chemical weapons originated. It was the first time an American administration had taken military action against the Syrian regime, representing a major escalation of American military involvement in the Middle East in the post-Obama era.
The White Helmets serve as the main provider of emergency services in many areas outside of regime control. What began as a handful of unarmed volunteers scouring the rubble around Aleppo undergoing heavy bombardment has grown to a group of nearly 3,000 – who receive a monthly stipend of about $150 – with some 120 centres around the country.
In places like Damascus and west Aleppo, the Syrian regime has pointed to the continuing nightlife as a sign of ‘business as usual’, although recent attacks and fighting in the regime-held areas in Damascus may put a damper on this. The patrons of the new bars include sons of army officers, members of foreign militias,students and other young people looking for an escape from the troubles around them.