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Facts and Figures of Egypt


Political leadership

Egypt President Abdul Fatah al-Sisi President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi (since 8 June 2014)

Prime Minister Sherif Ismail (since 12 September 2015)


total: 1,001,450 sq km land: 995,450 sq km water: 6,000 sq km


total: 2,665 km 2,665 km

Border countries

Gaza Strip11 kmIsrael266 km
Libya1,115 kmSudan1,273 km


2,450 km


88,487,396 (July 2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 16)

Age structure

0-14 years: 31.9% 15-64 years: 62.9% 65+: 5.1% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.79% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 43.1% of the total population (2015) Rate of urbanisation: 1.68% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Cairo (capital) 18.772 million, Alexandria 4.778 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4%


Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%; Coptic 9%; other Christian 1%


Arabic (official)


(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 73.8% male: 82.2%, female: 65.4% (2015 est.)


$996 billion (2015 est.) $955.9 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.2% (2015 est.) 2.2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$11,500 (2015 est.) $11,000 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 12.8%, youth (15-24) 34.3% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line

26.3% (2012)

Public debt

91.7% of GDP (2015 est.) 93.7% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

10.4% (2015 est.)

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