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Downstream: refineries

Downstream: refineries

Aerial View of Oil Refinery
Refinery at the beginning of the pipeline from Shaybah Oil Field to the Persian Gulf. Here, crude oil from wells is degassed before entering the pipline to Abqaiq, some 600 km away. Photo Corbis

Saudi Arabia has a large refinery capacity, consisting of four refineries 100% owned by Aramco (at Jeddah, Ras Tanura, Riyadh and Yanbu); and three joint-venture refineries (the SAMREF refinery 50% owned by ExxonMobil, the SASREF refinery 50% owned by Shell and the Petro Rabigh refinery 62.5% owned by Sumitomo Chemical). In 2014, Yanbu Aramco Sinopec Refining Company (YASREF) Limited, a joint venture with the Chinese Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec), capable of processing up to 400,000bpd of Arab heavy crude oil from Manif, came online.

The main refineries, by processing capacity, are:

  • Ras Tanura (Saudi Aramco) 550,000bpd
  • SATORP Jubail (Saudi Aramco, Total S.A.) 400,000bpd
  • Petro Rabigh (Saudi Aramco, Sumitomo Chemical) 400,000bpd
  • SAMREF Yanbu (Saudi Aramco, Exxon Mobil) 400,000bpd
  • YASREF (Saudi Aramco, Sinopec) 400,000bpd
  • SASREF Jubail (Saudi Aramco, Shell) 305,000bpd
  • Yanbu (Saudi Aramco) 250,000bpd
  • Riyadh (Saudi Aramco) 122,000bpd
  • Jeddah (Saudi Aramco) 85,000bpd
Saudi Arabia has grown to be a very large consumer of petroleum products. This is due in part to the heavy retail subsidies on petroleum products as well as the high level of industrial activity associated with petroleum products in the Kingdom. Saudi Arabia is the largest oil-consuming nation in the Middle East, at 2.9mbpd of oil in 2013, almost double its consumption in 2000.

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