Fanack Home / Iran / History of Iran from Past to Present / Hashemi Rafsanjani’s presidency (1989-1997)

Hashemi Rafsanjani’s presidency (1989-1997)

President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (r. 1989-1997)
President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (r. 1989-1997)

After Khomeini’s death, differences between factions in the political elite soon became apparent. Although neither faction constitutes a homogeneous political group, they are divided roughly into two platforms, reformists and conservatives. Generally, the former advocate a liberal interpretation and the latter a strict, literal interpretation of the Constitution and Sharia, but there is much disagreement within the factions with respect to economic, political, and social policy.

Hojatoleslam  (later Ayatollah) Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is often referred to as a pragmatic conservative, part of the religious establishment but open to a broader range of views. During his two terms as President he initiated economic reforms and the normalization of relations with neighbouring countries. He also tried to reform the state-controlled economy of the war years into a more market-based system.

Further Reading

Given its great economic potential – with its water, oil and gas resources and large population – Iran is also a dom...
Currently subject to an Islamic republican system, Iran is characterized by many distinct historical stages and fluctuat...
Iran is ethnically diverse, although the government does not disclose any information about ethnicity in its statistics....

We would like to ask you something …

Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.

The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.

In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.

To run such a website is very expensive. With a small donation, you can make a huge impact. And it only takes a minute. Thank you.