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Persian rugs

Persian rugs used during the Eid al-Fitr celebrations in the Shrine of Hazrat-e Abdul Azim in Tehran / Photo HH
Persian rugs used during the Eid al-Fitr celebrations in the Shrine of Hazrat-e Abdul Azim in Tehran / Photo HH

Iran has a long tradition of the production of special textiles and the weaving of rugs. Cotton, goat, camel and sheep’s wool, and silk are used in making rugs. Pigments are traditionally extracted from flowers and fruits. Persian carpets can be divided into three groups: the large rug (farsh or qali), the smaller rug (qalicheh), and nomadic, ‘rough’ carpets (gelim). The Carpet Museum in Tehran displays a rich collection of carpets from all over Iran. In 2008, Iran’s exports of hand-woven carpets was 420 million USD, or 30 percent of the world’s market.

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