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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts and Figures of Iraq

Political leadership

Iraq

President Barham Saleh (since 2 October 2018)

Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi (since 7 May 2020)

Land

Total 438,317 sq km; Land 437,367 sq km; Water 950 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 60)

Boundaries

Total 3,809 km

Border countries

Iran1,599 kmJordan179 kmKuwait254 km
Saudi Arabia811 kmSyria599 kmTurkey367 km

Coastline

58 km

Population

37,056,169 million (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 37)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.3% 15-64 years: 56.4% 65+ 3.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2015 est.)

Urbanisation

Urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Baghdad (capital) 6.64 million; Mosul 1.7 million; Erbil 1.17 million; Basra 1.02 million; Sulaymaniya 1 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%

Religions

Muslim (official) 99 % (Shia 60-65%, Sunni 32-37 %), Christian or other 1%

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkmen (Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 79.7% male 85.7% female: 73.7% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$212.27 billion (2017); $213.94 billion (2016)

GDP growth

-0.78% (2017); 11% (2016)

GDP per capita

$5,545.9 (2017 est.); $5,750.6 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate (of labour force)

16.1% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line

2.5% (2012 est.)

Public debt

57.8% of GDP (2017 est.); 64.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

0.1% (2017)