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Facts and Figures of Iraq


Political leadership



President Fuad Masoum (since 24 July 2014)

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi (since September 2014)


total: 438,317 sq km


total: 3,650 km

Border countries

Iran1,458 kmJordan181 kmKuwait240 km
Saudi Arabia814 kmSyria605 kmTurkey352 km


58 km


37,056,169 million (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 37)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.3% 15-64 years: 56.4% 65+ 3.3% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.93% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 69.5% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Baghdad (capital) 6.64 million; Mosul 1.7 million; Erbil 1.17 million; Basra 1.02 million; Sulaymaniya 1 million; Najaf 889,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 75-80%, Kurdish 15-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%


Muslim (official) 99 % (Shia 60-65%, Sunni 32-37 %), Christian or other 1%


Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkmen (Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 79.7% male 85.7% female: 73.7% (2015 est.)


$531.4 billion (2015 est.) $531.2 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

0% (2015 est.) -2.1% (2014 est.) 6.6% (2013 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$15,500 (2015 est.) $15,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

16% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line

19.8% (2012)

Public debt

37% of GDP (2014 est.) 31.3% of GDP (2013 est.) 33.5% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate

1.8% (2015 est.)

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