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Facts and Figures of Israel


Political leadership

Israel Minister Benyamin Netanyahu President Reuven Rivlin (since 27 July 2014)

Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu (since 31 March 2009)


total: 20,770 sq km


total: 1,374 km

Border countries

Egypt266 kmGaza Strip51 kmJordan238 km
Lebanon79 kmSyria76 kmWest Bank307 km


273 km


8,049,314 (2015) (country comparison to the world: 99) Note: including Israeli settlers living in Golan Heights 20,500; East Jerusalem: 211,640 (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27.95% 15-64 years: 74.07% 65+ 10.85% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.56% (2015)


Urban population: 92.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.37 % annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Jerusalem (capital) 839,00; Tel Aviv-Yafo (Jaffa) 3.6 million; Haifa 1.09 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Jewish 75% (of which Israel-born 74.4%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 17.4%, Africa-born 5.1%, Asia-born 3.1%, non-Jewish (mostly Arab) 25% (2013)


Jewish 75%, Muslim 17.5%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 3.9% (2013)


Hebrew (official), Arabic, English (most commonly used foreign language)


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population 97.8% male 98.7%, female 96.8% (2011 est.)


$281.8 billion (2015 est.) $274.8 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2.5% (2015 est.) 2.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$34,300 (2015 est.) $33,500 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 5.6% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 10.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

22% (2014); Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day

Public debt

64.4% of GDP (2015 est.) 65.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.6% (2015 est.)

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