Fanack Home / Israel / Past to Present

History of Israel from Past to Present

Israel- David Ben-Gurion
Israeli Prime minister David Ben-Gurion proclaims the state of Israel, 14 May 1948. Photo AFP ©AFP ⁃ unknwon

Palestine had never been an independent, autonomous entity before July 1920, when the British Mandate was implemented. Throughout history, the land of Palestine had always been divided into smaller kingdoms, independent city-states, or had been part of larger empires, of which it was at best a province or merely part of a province. It was impregnated by other cultures: Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek, Roman, Arab and Ottoman. Nevertheless, it was the cradle of two of the great monotheistic religions, Judaism and Christianity, and the location of holy places for a third, Islam.

Then, after World War I, the land of Palestine was mandated by the League of Nations to the British Empire (the British Mandate), with the explicit assignment that ‘the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect (…) the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine’. From this assignment originate the State of Israel as well as what is generally called ‘the conflict in the Middle East’.

The history of Palestine, the Occupied Palestinian Territories and Israel have since been intertwined.

© Copyright Notice
Click on link to view the associated photo/image:
©AFP ⁃ unknown | ©AFP ⁃ unknwon

We would like to ask you something …

Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.

The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.

In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.

To run such a website is very expensive. With a small donation, you can make a huge impact. And it only takes a minute. Thank you.