Palestine Liberation Organization
Three years earlier, under the auspices of the Arab League, an Arab summit meeting in Cairo had led to the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a political umbrella organization of most of the Palestinian groups. Its first leader was Ahmad al-Shukeiri, a lawyer and former member of the Ottoman Parliament, and a former assistant to the Secretary General of the Arab League. In the PLO gathered the oldest and most influential of the Palestinian guerrilla organizations, the Palestinian National Liberation Movement or Fatah, together with smaller groups such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP), the PFLP-General Command (a splinter group of the PFLP) and the Palestine Liberation Front. In all, the PLO included more then ten groupings. Its charter, the Palestine National Charter, stated as its goal the destruction of the State of Israel, the total liberation of Palestine and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state.
At the beginning of 1969, the June War ultimately lead to a take-over of the PLO from within by the Palestinian member organizations, which had lost confidence in the policies of the Arab states with regard to Israel after the 1967 defeat. As a result, the PLO could now be regarded as the true representative of the Palestinian people, with autonomy of decision. Yasser Arafat, the leader of Fatah, became its new chairman.
© Copyright Notice
Click on link to view the associated photo/image:
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.