The Palestine resistance to what they saw as the occupation of their homeland grew in force in the mid-50s under the influence of the reviving Arab nationalism, especially in Egypt. In 1952, a group of Egyptian officers, the ‘Free Officers Movement’, staged a coup against King Farouk and declared the Republic of Egypt. In 1954, the charismatic Gamal Abdel Nasser, one of the leaders of the movement, became president. It was the prelude to the nationalization of the British and French owned Suez Canal and Israeli military action on Egyptian soil. Israel cited the fedayeen intrusions from the Gaza Strip as one of the reasons for its Sinai Campaign in 1956.
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