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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts and Figures of Jordan

 

Political leadership

Jordan King Abdullah II bin al-Hussein

King Abdullah II bin al-Hussein (since 1999)

Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz (since 14 June 2018)

Land

Total 89,342 sq km; Land 88,802 sq km; Water 540 sq km (country comparison to the world: 113)

Boundaries

total: 1,744 km

Border countries

Iraq179 kmIsrael307 kmSaudi Arabia731 km
Syria379 kmWest Bank148 km

Coastline

26 km

Population

10.05 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 34.35% 15-64 years: 61.96% 65+ 3.69% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.55% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

91% of total population (2018 est.)

Major cities

AMMAN (capital) 4.01 million (42%); Irbid 1.77 million (18.6%); Al Zarqa 1.364 million (14.3) (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 97.4%, other 2.6% (includes Armenian, Circassian) (2015 est.)

Religions

Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox), other 0.6% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 95.4%; male: 97.7%; female: 92.9% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$31.42 billion (2017); $30.81 billion (2016)

GDP growth

1.97% (2017); 2% (2016)

GDP per capita

$3,238.3 (2017 est.); $3,258.5 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

14.92% (2017 est.); 15.27% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

0.1% (2010); Jordan has not released poverty estimates since 2010

Public debt

95.9% of GDP (2017 est.); 95.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

3.3% (2017)