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Culture of Jordan

Jordanian culture combines elements of the past and the future, the Islamic heritage and modern culture; it embraces Eastern and accepts Western cultures. It is an extension of the surrounding Arab culture, even in its cuisine, but it has its own characteristic features. Its unique geography and history and the contributions of Palestinians enrich Jordan’s culture. This distinctiveness encouraged the country to work to revive its Jordanian identity – beginning in the 1960s and 1970s – in folk dancing and music, clothing, and other aspects of its cultural life. Each ethnic and religious group in Jordan – such as Circassians, Turkomans, Chechens, and Christians – still enjoys its own culture. Jordanians have learnt to accept each other and become more open-minded.

The majority of Jordanians are Sunni Muslims. About 3-4 percent of the kingdom’s population is Christian and about 2 percent Shiite Muslim. Arabic is the official language, and most young people speak English.

Further Reading

Jordanian poetry has matured over recent decades and is beginning to focus on national issues, such as women, poverty, education, workers, and pan-Arab affairs.
Jordanian music is not as popular as that of other Arab countries, such as Egypt and Lebanon. Jordan's famous traditional dance is the dabke or dabka, a group dance that involves stamping one's feet.
Jordan is known for its handicrafts, including rug making, carpet weaving, baskets, pottery, ceramics, and embroidery.
Jordan's traditional ceramics and famous mosaics incorporate Islamic motifs and are all handmade. The calligraphy on some ceramics depicts the art of the Umayyad and Mamluk periods.
There are many art galleries in Amman, especially in older parts of the city, such as al-Weibdeh and Jabal Amman.
Jordan's popular culture is much influenced by Egyptian, Lebanese, Syrian, and, most recently, Turkish music and television series, which young Jordanians have been watching and listening to in the 21st century.
Jordan's movie theatres show foreign-language films, primarily in English. Most movie theatres play modern American commercial movies, except on culture nights dedicated to international movies, which are usually sponsored by inte...
Sports play an increasingly important role in the lives of Jordanians, most of whom are football fans.
There are thirteen museums in Amman, ranging from heritage museums to children's museums. These include the Children's Museum, the Jordan Archaeological Museum, the Jordan Folklore Museum, the Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition, t...

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