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Facts & Figures of Lebanon


Political leadership



President (vacant since 25 May 2014)

Prime Minister Tammam Salam (since 6 April 2013)


total 10,400 sq km


total: 454 km

Border countries

Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km


225 km


6,184,701 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 109)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25% 15-64 years: 68.4% 65+ 6.6% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

0.86% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 87.8% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 3.2% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Beirut (capital) 2.23 million (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%


Muslim 54% (27% Shia, 27% Sunni), Christian 40.5% (21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other), Druze 5.6%


Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93.9% male: 96% female: 91.8% (2015 est.)


$83.86 billion (2015 est.) $82.22 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

2% (2015 est.) 2% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$18,600 (2015 est.) $18,200 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 6.4% (2014 est.), youth (15-24) 22.1% (2007 est.)

Population below poverty line

28.6% (2004 est.)

Public debt

138.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 135.4% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

-3.5% (2015 est.)

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