Fanack Home / Lebanon / Facts & Figures

Facts & Figures of Lebanon


Political leadership


President Michel Aoun (since 31 October 2016)

Prime Minister Saad Hariri (Since 18 December 2016)


Total 10,400 sq km; Land 10,230 sq km; Water 170 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 169)


total: 484 km

Border countries

Israel 81 km, Syria 403 km


225 km


6.10 million (July 2018 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.32%; 15-64 years: 69.65%; 65+: 7.03% (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

-2.1% (July 2017 – July 2018)


88.6% of total population (2018)

Major cities

BEIRUT (capital) 2.385 million (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%


Muslim 57.7% (28.7% Sunni, 28.4% Shia, smaller percentages of Alawites and Ismailis), Christian 36.2% (Maronite Catholics are the largest Christian group), Druze 5.2%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, and Hindus (2017 est.)


Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93.9% male: 96% female: 91.8% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$43.78 billion (2017); $42.91 billion (2016)

GDP growth

2.02% (2017); 2% (2016)

GDP per capita

$7,197.6 (2017 est.); $7,144.0 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

6.64% (2017 est.); 6.58% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line


Public debt

146.8% of GDP (2017 est.); 145.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

4.5% (2017)

We would like to ask you something …

Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.

The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.

In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.

To run such a website is very expensive. With a small donation, you can make a huge impact. And it only takes a minute. Thank you.