Second Republic (since 1990)
May 1991 saw the signature of the Lebanese-Syrian Friendship Treaty, which called for cooperation and coordination at the highest levels ‘in all fields, including political, economic, security, educational, scientific, and others’. The Lebanese army launched a battle against the last major stronghold of the PLO in Sidon and emerged victorious.
Late 1991, Western hostages who had been held for years by Shiite militants were freed (among them John McCarthy, Terry Waite and Terry Anderson, who had been held hostage since March 1985). Omar Karameh’s government opposed Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War (as did Syria) and participated in Arab-Israeli peace talks in Madrid in that same year.
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.