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Legal System

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The Lebanese legal system is based both on traditional law and on European legal systems, in particular the French. Judicial power rests with judicial courts of different degrees and levels of jurisdiction. Magistrates are independent in the exercise of their functions; their decisions and judgments are rendered and executed in the name of the Lebanese people.

Lebanon has no civil code for personal status matters. The religious communities each have their own laws and tribunals for matters such as marriage, dowry, annulment of marriage, divorce, adoption, or inheritance. These laws are binding, whether one is a practicing member of the community or not.

In 2009, a Financing Agreement (10 million EUR) was signed with the EU aiming at consolidating the Rule of Law by supporting the modernization of the Lebanese justice system. It will support the implementation of the Ministry of Justice’s Information Technology Master Plan, improve access to justice and provide specialized training to judiciary staff.

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