Donate
Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts and Figures of Libya

 

Political leadership

Libya

Chairman of the High Council of State Khalid al-Mishri (since 4 April 2018)

Prime Minister of the Interim Government National Unity Government Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh (since 15 March 2021)

Head of Presidency Council and President of the GNU Mohamed al-Menfi  (since 15 March 2021)

Land

Total 1,759,540 sq km; Land 1,759,540 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 18)

Boundaries

total: 4,339 km

Border countries

Algeria989 kmChad1,050 kmEgypt1,115 km
Niger342 kmSudan382 kmTunisia461 km

Coastline

1,770 km

Population

7,1 million (July 2021 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 33.65% 15-64 years: 62.03% 65+ 4.04% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.76% (2021 est.)

Urbanisation

81% of total population (2021)

Major cities

TRIPOLI (capital) 1.170 million; Benghazi 836,000; Misratah 919,000 (2021)

Ethnic groups

Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Religions

Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, other 0.7% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 91%; male: 96.7%; female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$102.842 billion (2019 est.); $100.298 billion (2018 est.)

GDP growth

26.68% (2017); -2.79% (2016)

GDP per capita

$15,174 (2019 est.); $15,018 (2018 est.)

Unemployment rate

17.68% (2017 est.); 18.42% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

38.6% (2014 est.)

Public debt

4.7% of GDP (2017 est.); 7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

28.5% (2017 est.)