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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts and Figures of Libya

Political leadership

Libya

Chairman of the High Council of State Khalid al-Mishri (since 4 April 2018)

Prime Minister and Chairman of the Presidential Council of the National unity Government Fayez al-Sarraj (since 30 March 2016)

Prime Minister of the Interim Government Abdullah Al-Thanni (Acting from 11 August 2015)

Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government Khalifa al-Ghawil (acting from 31 March 2015)

Land

Total 1,759,540 sq km; Land 1,759,540 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 18)

Boundaries

total: 4,339 km

Border countries

Algeria989 kmChad1,050 kmEgypt1,115 km
Niger342 kmSudan382 kmTunisia461 km

Coastline

1,770 km

Population

6.37 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.53% 15-64 years: 70.04% 65+ 4.43% (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

1.3% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

80.1% of total population (2018)

Major cities

TRIPOLI (capital) 1.158 million; Benghazi 799,000; Misratah 801,000 (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Religions

Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, other 0.7% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 91%; male: 96.7%; female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$46.68 billion (2017); $36.81 billion (2016)

GDP growth

26.68% (2017); -2.79% (2016)

GDP per capita

$7,314.6 (2017 est.); $5,848.9 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

17.68% (2017 est.); 18.42% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

38.6% (2014 est.)

Public debt

4.7% of GDP (2017 est.); 7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

28.5% (2017 est.)