Fanack Home / Libya / Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures of Libya

Political leadership

Libya

Chairman of the High Council of State Abdulrahman Asswehly (since 6 April 2016)

Prime Minister and Chairman of the Presidential Council of the National Unity Government Fayez al-Sarraj (since 30 March 2016)

Prime Minister of the Interim Government Abdullah Al-Thanni (Acting from 11 August 2015)

Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government Khalifa al-Ghawil (acting from 31 March 2015)

Land

Total 1,759,540 sq km; Land 1,759,540 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 18)

Boundaries

total: 4,339 km

Border countries

Algeria989 kmChad1,050 kmEgypt1,115 km
Niger342 kmSudan382 kmTunisia461 km

Coastline

1,770 km

Population

6.37 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.53% 15-64 years: 70.04% 65+ 4.43% (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

1.3% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

80.1% of total population (2018)

Major cities

TRIPOLI (capital) 1.158 million; Benghazi 799,000; Misratah 801,000 (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Religions

Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, other 0.7% (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 91%; male: 96.7%; female: 85.6% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$46.68 billion (2017); $36.81 billion (2016)

GDP growth

26.68% (2017); -2.79% (2016)

GDP per capita

$7,314.6 (2017 est.); $5,848.9 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

17.68% (2017 est.); 18.42% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

38.6% (2014 est.)

Public debt

4.7% of GDP (2017 est.); 7.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

28.5% (2017 est.)

We would like to ask you something …

Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.

The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.

In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.

To run such a website is very expensive. With a small donation, you can make a huge impact. And it only takes a minute. Thank you.