The Approach of Independence
Most Moroccans refused to acknowledge the new sultan, and protests and terrorism continued. The French government concluded that the war in Algeria, which had begun in 1954, was more important and prepared to abandon the Protectorate. After a conference in Aix-les-Bains in France in August 1955 Mohammed V was allowed to return. On 11 February 1956, the French zone of Morocco became an independent state but the Spanish refused to return the northern and southern zones of their Protectorate to Morocco until April, and the Mediterranean territories, Ifni, and the Spanish Sahara were excluded. The international zone of Tangier was handed to newly independent Morocco in October 1956.
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