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Morocco’s Culture

Morocco-culture-Gnawa Festival
Groups parade along the streets of the Medina of Essaouira during the Gnawa Festival. Photo Stefano Torrione / / HH.

Moroccan culture is strongly marked by Berber, Arab and European influences. This is largely due to the country’s geographical location in North Africa, which has enabled different cultures and societies to interact and blend for centuries. The result is a variety of unique cultural contributions ranging from music to theatre to crafts.

However, Morocco’s cultural diversity has also led to growing tensions between its conservative and liberal population, and among ethnic and religious minorities. Moreover, modern-day Moroccan society faces the challenge of accommodating and maintaining its cultural roots amid the pressures of globalization and attempts to improve the country’s literacy rate and education system.