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Moroccan Society

At the beach near Tetouan / Photo HH
At the beach near Tetouan / Photo HH

There are deep divisions in Moroccan society, particularly along ethnic and cultural lines. The most important of these is the distinction between Arab- and Berber-speakers. This partly corresponds with the divide between urban and rural societies. Many young people are out of work or are labouring below their level of education.

Further Reading

The attitude of the Moroccan regime towards the Salafis shifted gradually in the aftermath of the so-called Arab Spring, the death of Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi, the failure of political Islam, and the growing presence of IS and si...
In 2010, Morocco’s Human Development Index (calculated by the UN Development Programme) was 0.567, below the average of 0.588 for Arab states. Over the past thirty years, it has risen by an average of 1.59 percent annually from ...
Rural Morocco has historically been a tribal society, both in its settled regions and in the semi-nomadic desert areas. Constitutionally, Morocco is an Islamic country whose head of state, the King, is also Commander of the Faithf...
Historically, Moroccan society was centred on a patriarchal extended family, including the nuclear family of parents and siblings, as well as relatives by kinship and marriage. This was a concomitant of the tribal structure of rur...
Article 19 of the Constitution of 2011 states that men and women have equal civil, political, economic, social, cultural, and environmental rights and that the state will undertake to achieve equality between the sexes and prevent...
Unemployment is a problem across the board of the youth of Morocco. The proportion of Moroccans aged 14 or younger is falling (from 47.5 percent in 1970 to 39.7 percent in 1990 to 28 percent in 2010), and the overall unemployment ...
There has been a slow but steady rise in literacy. In 1997, 43.7 percent of the total population over the age of 15 could read and write. In 2009, the figure was 56 percent. Morocco still ranks as one of the lowest of the Arab cou...
Morocco's health-care system has improved considerably in recent years, and it ranks above average for Arab countries, although indicators are still on the low side. Life expectancy at birth has risen from 47 in 1961 to 72 in 2010...
Despite many advances over the past decade, the Moroccan government has managed only to reduce, not eliminate, poverty. The various programmes do not cover large parts of the country, often reach the wrong people, and are generall...
Violent crime in Morocco is generally low. The homicide rate of 0.4 per 100,000 people is considerably less than in Syria (3.0 per 100,000), Libya (2.2), and Iran, New Zealand or Australia (1.3 and 1.2, respectively). Assault rate...

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