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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa
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Facts and Figures of Oman

Political leadership

Oman

ٍSultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said (since 11 January 2020)

Land

Total 309,500 sq km; Land 309,500 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 72)

Boundaries

Total: 1,561 km

Border countries

Saudi Arabia 658 km, UAE 608 km, Yemen 294 km

Coastline

2,092 km

Population

4.56 million (2017)

Age structure

0-14 years: 30.10% 15-64 years: 66.35% 65+ 3.55% (2018 est.)

Population growth rate

3.3% (2017)

Urbanisation

84.5% of total population (2018)

Major cities

MUSCAT (capital) 1.447 million (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Religions

Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, other 1.3 (2010 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), English, Balochi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 93% male: 96.6% female: 86% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$74.85 billion (2017); $75.05 billion (2016)

GDP growth

-0.27% (2017); 5.38% (2016)

GDP per capita

$16,144.4 (2017 est.); $16,962.3 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

3.25% (2017 est.); 3.27% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

N/A

Public debt

46.9% of GDP (2017 est.); 32.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

1.6% (2017 est.)