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Facts & Figures


Political leadership

Oman Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said

Sultan Qaboos bin Said al-Said (since 1970)


total: 309,500 sq km


total: 1,374 km

Border countries

Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km


2,092 km


3,286,936 (includes 40% non-nationals) (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 135)

Age structure

0-14 years: 30.2% 15-64 years: 66.4% 65+ 3.4% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

2.07% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 77.6% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 8.54% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Muscat (capital) 838,000 (2015)

Ethnic groups

Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African


Muslim 85.9% (majority Ibadhi), Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, other 2.1% (2010 est.)


Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 91.1% male: 93.6% female: 85.6% (2015 est.)


$171.7 billion (2015 est.) $164.6 billion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

4.4% (2015 est.) 2.9% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$46,200 (2015 est.) $44,300 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

15% (2012 est)

Population below poverty line


Public debt

7% of GDP (2015 est.) 4.9% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

0.3% (2015 est.)

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