Past to Present
At that time Oman was part of Magan, an empire that included parts of the Arabian Peninsula and India. Sumerian cuneiform texts dating from 2300 BCE mention that ships from Dilmun (now Bahrain), Magan and Meluhha (Indus Valley) moored at the quays of Akkad. They carried copper, diorite, alabaster, onions and wood and exchanged these goods for wool garments, cloth, grain, paint, processed fish, leather, oil and fats. Copper was mined in al-Batina from the third millennium BCE. Diorite was also mined in the mountains of Oman. It is an extremely hard rock, suitable for durable inscription (the Code of Hammurabi, compiled circa 1700 BCE in Babylon, is engraved in diorite), pots and other utensils.
In the first millennium BCE, camels were domesticated. From that time, camel caravans transported products from Oman such as frankincense, myrrh and other aromatics overland to the great civilizations in the East (Persia and India) and West (Mesopotamia, Egypt in Pharaonic times, and later to Greece and Rome).
Around the second century CE, the first Arab tribes entered the region. These were part of a large migratory movement coming from the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula. They arrived via south-west Arabia (Yemen) and the northern gateway of Tawam (al-Ain, located near the border with the United Arab Emirates) between 100 CE and 800 CE. At that time Oman was under Persian rule. Persian dynasties controlled the coastal ports and parts of the interior region from at least the 6th century BCE.
Members of the migrating tribes settling along the southern and eastern coasts contributed to the Persian maritime trade network as sailors and merchants. This network encompassed the Indian Ocean and the Far East. The Persians were eventually ousted from Oman in a number of battles in the 7th century CE when Islam united the tribes.
© Copyright Notice
click on link to view the associated photo/image
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.