[four_fifth last=”no” class=”” id=“”]
Omani ports profited from their strategic position mainly because they were located along two main routes connecting East and West: the routes through the Persian Gulf and through the Red Sea. As a result, if emphasis shifted from one sea route to another, for example due to a shift in the international balance of power, either the ports in the Gulf or those on the Arabian Sea were involved.
Secondly, the ports were connected to two types of trade network: coastal trade between the countries bordering the Red Sea, the Gulf and the western part of the Indian Ocean, and the transcontinental trade between Europe, Africa, the Gulf, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, and China.
Moreover, Oman’s ports were favourably located in relation to the monsoon winds. These changing winds dictated the direction and rhythm of the two trade networks. The south-west monsoon, from April to September, enabled sailing in an eastwardly direction, while the north-east monsoon between November and March directed the voyages westward.
The strategic position of the ports made them a much favoured target for foreign powers which were keen to control trade. Thus the ports have been controlled, invaded, or sacked at various times by Persians, Seljuqs, the Hormuzi principality as well as the Portuguese.
[/four_fifth] [one_fifth last=”yes” class=”” id=“”]
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.