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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts and Figures of Palestine

Political leadership

Palestine President Mahmud Abbas

President Mahmoud Abbas (Since January 2005)

Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh (since 14 April 2019)

Land

West BankTotal 5,860 sq km; Land 5,640 sq km; Water (220) sq Km Gaza Strip Total 360 sq km; Land 360 sq km; Water (0) sq Km

Boundaries

Gaza Strip: 72 km West Bank: 478 km

Border countries

West Bank: Israel 330 km, Jordan 148 km Gaza Strip: Egypt 13 km, Israel 59 km

Coastline

West Bank: 0 km Gaza Strip: 40 km

Population

Gaza Strip: 1.90 million (2017 est.) West Bank: 2.88 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

West Bank:
0-14 years: 36.9%; 15-64 years: 57.2%; 65+: 3.6% (2017 est.)
Gaza Strip:
0-14 years: 41.8%; 15-64 years: 53.9%; 65+: 2.8% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

WEST BANK and GAZA STRIP: 2.9% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

WEST BANK and GAZA STRIP: 77% (2017 est.)

Major cities

WEST BANK: Khalil 25% of the total population of the West Bank, Jerusalem 14.7%, Nablus 13.7% GAZA STRIP: Gaza 34% of the total population of Gaza Strip, Khan Yunis 19.6%, North Gaza 19.4%

Ethnic groups

WEST BANK: Palestinian Arab, Jewish, other GAZA STRIP: Palestinian Arab

Religions

WEST BANK: Muslim 80-85% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 12-14%, Christian 1-2.5% (mainly Greek Orthodox), other <1% (2012 est.) GAZA STRIP: Muslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0% (2012 est.)

Languages

WEST BANK: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood) GAZA STRIP: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)

Literacy

West Bank and Gaza: (Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 96.9%; male: 98.6%; female: 95.2% (2016 est.)

Real GDP

$12.14 billion (2017); $11.77 billion (2016)

GDP growth

3.14% (2017); 4.71% (2016)

GDP per capita

$2,494.1 (2017 est.); $2,655.5 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

WEST BANK : 18% (2017 est.); GAZA STRIP: 44% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line

WEST BANK : 18% (2011 est.); GAZA STRIP: 30% (2011 est.)

Public debt

24.4% of GDP (2014 est.); 23.8% of GDP (2013 est.)

Inflation rate

0.2% (2017 est.)