History of Palestine from Past to Present
In 722 BCE and 586 BCE respectively, invading Assyrians and Babylonians destroyed these kingdoms. The Babylonians themselves were soon ousted by a Sassanid army (Persians), and the Sassanid Empire subsequently ruled over the region for about three hundred years, until Alexander the Great’s legions conquered it. Another three hundred years later – in 63 BCE – the Romans arrived. They were the first to employ the geographic denomination ‘Palestine’. Throughout the period in which the region was part of the Christian East Roman (Byzantine) Empire – from the 4th century onwards – Christianity managed to spread profusely. The lengthy Greek-Roman presence explains the dominant Hellenist culture prior to the arrival of Arab conquerors.
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