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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

The Arab Spring

the arab spring
A protester sticks a flower in the barrel of a gun during a demonstration in front of the headquarters of ousted Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali’s Constitutional Democratic Rally party (RDC) on January 20, 2011 in central Tunis. MARTIN BUREAU / AFP

Introduction

The ‘Arab uprisings’ also known as the “Arab Spring’’ were a wave of anti-government protests which started at the end of 2010 and beginning of 2011 in Tunisia, quickly spreading to other countries of the Middle East and North Africa, such as Egypt, Bahrain, Libya, Syria and Yemen.

Millions of people took to the streets calling for an end to authoritarian regimes, respect for human rights and better economic conditions. In some cases, the protests successfully managed to topple long-standing regimes, such as in Tunisia and Egypt, while in others violent state repression led to the outbreak of bloody conflicts, notably in Syria and Libya.

Fanack’s Arab Spring file provides in-depth analysis of the effects of the Arab Spring today, trying to find an answer to the question of whether or not the uprisings effectively fostered positive change.

Our mission is to offer a worthwhile contribution to the publication of balanced background up-to-date information on the topic from an Arab perspective.