Fanack Home / Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Map Saudi Arabia
Map of Saudi Arabia

Official name: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, or KSA (al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya al-Saudiya)

Saudi Arabia was established in 1932 by King Abdulaziz Al Saud (1876-1953) – usually referred to as Ibn Saud – after thirty years of war to unify large parts of the Arabian Peninsula. It is an absolute monarchy.

Saudi Arabia is a vast, expansive country, spanning about 1,500 kilometres in length and another 1,500 kilometres in breadth, thus making up for 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula. A substantial part of the southern region consists of desert tracts, where rain seldom falls and the climate can reach extreme temperatures during the day. As a result, human existence is barely feasible in most areas of the country; instead the reasonably sized population live predominantly along the Red Sea and Persian Gulf coast, and around other large oases elsewhere.

More so than its vast area, Saudi Arabia’s enormous reserves of oil and gas, which were discovered in 1938, have enabled it to play an increasingly important role in both regional and global politics.

image_pdfimage_print

We would like to ask you something …

Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.

The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.

In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.

To run such a website is very expensive. With a small donation, you can make a huge impact. And it only takes a minute. Thank you.