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Facts & Figures

Saudi Arabia

Political leadership

Saudi Arabia Prince Charles official visit to Saudi Arabia - 10 Feb 2015

King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015)

Crown Prince and Deputy Prime Minister Mohammed bin Nayef bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 29 April 2015)


total: 2,149,690 sq km


total: 4,431 km

Border countries

Iraq814 kmJordan744 kmKuwait222 km
Oman676 kmQatar60 kmUAE457 km
Yemen1,458 km


2,640 km


27,752,316 (2015 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 27% 15-64 years: 69.7% 65+ 3.2% (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.46% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 83.1% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 2.1% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Riyadh (capital) 6.2 million (2013 est.), Jeddah 4.08 million, Mecca 1.8 million, Medina 1.28 million, al-Dammam 1.06 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%


Muslim (official) 100%


Arabic (official)


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 94.7% male: 97% female: 91.1% (2015 est.)


$1.679 trillion (2015 est.) $1.625 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3.3% (2015 est.) 3.6% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$55,400 (2015 est.) $54,200 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 11.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 29.5% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line


Public debt

7.8% of GDP (2015 est.) 9.3% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

2.1% (2015 est.)

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