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Facts & Figures of Saudi Arabia

Political leadership

Saudi Arabia Prince Charles official visit to Saudi Arabia - 10 Feb 2015

King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015)

Mohammed bin Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (Since 21 June 2017)


Total 2,149,690 sq km; Land 2,149,690 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 14)


Total: 4,272 km

Border countries

Iraq 811 km Jordan 731 km Kuwait 221 km
Oman 658 km Qatar 87 km UAE 457 km
Yemen 1,307 km


2,640 km


32.55 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 24.7% 15-64 years: 72.1% 65+ 3.2% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.52% (2017 est.)


83.8% of total population (2018)

Major cities

RIYADH (capital) 6.907 million, Jeddah 4.433 million, Mecca 1.967 million, Medina 1.430 million, Ad Dammam 1.197 million (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%


Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)


Arabic (official)


(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 94.7%; male: 97%; female: 91.1% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$684.99 billion (2017); $690.07 billion (2016)

GDP growth

-0.74% (2017); 1.67% (2016)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$20,796.3 (2017 est.); $21,380.4 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

5.52% (2017 est.); 5.65% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line


Public debt

17.2% of GDP (2017 est.); 13.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.9% (2017 est.)

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