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Facts & Figures

Political leadership

Saudi Arabia Prince Charles official visit to Saudi Arabia - 10 Feb 2015

King and Prime Minister Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 23 January 2015)

Mohammed bin Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (Since 21 June 2017)

Land

Total 2,149,690 sq km; Land 2,149,690 sq km; Water (0) sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 14)

Boundaries

Total: 4,272 km

Border countries

Iraq811 kmJordan731 kmKuwait221 km
Oman658 kmQatar87 kmUAE457 km
Yemen1,307 km

Coastline

2,640 km

Population

32.55 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 24.7% 15-64 years: 72.1% 65+ 3.2% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.52% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

83.8% of total population (2018)

Major cities

RIYADH (capital) 6.907 million, Jeddah 4.433 million, Mecca 1.967 million, Medina 1.430 million, Ad Dammam 1.197 million (2018 est.)

Ethnic groups

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions

Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official)

Literacy

(Age 15+ can read and write) total population: 94.7%; male: 97%; female: 91.1% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$684.99 billion (2017); $690.07 billion (2016)

GDP growth

-0.74% (2017); 1.67% (2016)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$20,796.3 (2017 est.); $21,380.4 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

5.52% (2017 est.); 5.65% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA

Public debt

17.2% of GDP (2017 est.); 13.1% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

-0.9% (2017 est.)

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