After Ibn Saud
As a country allied with the United States, Saudi Arabia felt the pressure of a growing anti-Western and anti-colonial mood in the Arab world. Egypt’s president Gamal Abdul Nasser became its ideological and political opponent during the reign of King Saud. Inspired by Arab revolutionary rhetoric, a group of princes led by Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, another son of Ibn Saud (and a half brother of King Saud), fled to Egypt and established the Free Princes Movement. The movement demanded the transformation of Saudi Arabia into a constitutional monarchy. The movement remained in exile without achieving its objectives. The same applied to non-royal Arab nationalist and communist oppositional forces.
King Saud inherited a kingdom lacking modern institutions and state bureaucracy but with promising wealth. The new wealth was squandered on palaces and consumption, and only rudimentary modernization was possible. The state finances were mishandled. In 1964, after years of internal strife between King and Crown Prince over matters like these, Faisal with the support of the majority of the other princes, challenged the King’s authority and forced him to abdicate. Thereupon Saud left the country. He died in Greece on 24 January 1969, aged 67.
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.