In Depth Specials

Fanack Chronicle’s Specials section features in-depth articles offering an analysis of regional and topical issues concerning multiple countries of the MENA region.

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Faces

05/05/2017
As a resident of many countries and a visitor to many more, Bawab will always carry several flags, highlighting her inte...
26/04/2017
Al-Aswany remains a controversial figure. He says he has been barred from appearing in any TV shows or writing for any E...
25/04/2017
His first official position after the 2011 fall of autocrat Muammar Qaddafi was as the minister of housing and utilities...
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Faces have names. We hear about them but do not get the entire picture.
Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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Human Rights

14/03/2017
Following the uprising in March 2011, and the violent government crackdown to crush it, the human rights situation in Sy...
10/03/2017
The EU’s efforts to reach an agreement with Egypt suggest an anticipated rise in migration attempts, especially as the...
22/02/2017
Migrants in detained centres suffer from widespread malnutrition, forced labour, illness, beatings, sexual abuse, tortur...
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Human rights have attracted increasing attention over the years, starting with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Some underlying reasons of the mass revolts starting in 2010, known as the Arab Spring, were related to massive suppression of these rights.

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Extremism

19/01/2017
in 2017, IS’ ambitions and objectives seem to have changed. It now appears that the Islamic State is honing its effort...
17/11/2016
The Islamic State sustains itself by using diverse and sophisticated financing strategies. IS was able to develop a qual...
21/07/2016
The IS’ new format is a lose network of disparate groups whose only affiliation is the need for a strong brand name. H...
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Today’s international jihadi groups are widespread and more dangerous than they have been since the events of 11 September 2001.

In August 2014, the United States formed an international coalition to destroy the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, but the war strategy is based on inflexible military tactics to suppress them without dealing with the root causes.

The authoritarian regimes of the Middle East have returned, with more brutality, and there is a sharp rise in sectarian conflict. Democracy, freedom, and justice have become expendable.

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Arab-Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

11/09/2015
The Israeli communities established in territories that Israel occupied during the 1967 June War are called settlements....
11/09/2015
In July 2004, the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that Israel should immediately cease the constructio...
11/09/2015
Costs of Israeli Occupation - The occupation of the Palestinian territories does not make sense economically ... turning...
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Despite many rounds of negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis under the auspices of several parties, including the United States, the two sides have failed to reach a resolution of the conflict.

The so-called two-state solution (a viable independent Palestinian state bordering the state of Israel), which is the option preferred by the international community, is further away than ever.

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More Specials

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Refugees

Since the Arab Spring in 2011, a new wave of refugees has fled from war and death in the Greater Middle East (GME) region. They are mainly from Syria...

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Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988)

Taking advantage of the confusion and chaos surrounding the change of power in Iran after 1979, Saddam Hussein’s regime hoped to fill the regional power vacuum that had been created. On September 1980, the Iraq-Iran War broke out.

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Christians in the Middle East

The percentage of Christians in the Middle East has been declining for decades. Their numbers now reflect a drop from 20 per cent in the early 20th century to five per cent in recent years. Analysts attribute this to three main causes: low birth rate, emigration, and ethnic and religious persecution.

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The Kurds

The Kurds, constitute one of the oldest nations of the Middle East, as well as the largest nation in the world without their own country. They are in the spotlight since 2014 as they fiercely defend their territory against attacks by the IS.

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Pollution

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Migrant Labour

The six states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have been employing armies of construction labourers, mainly from Asia—India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal—to build the huge projects that these countries are so well known for and that are used to build them an image of modern, progressive nations.

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International Affairs

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Human Rights

Human rights have attracted increasing attention over the years, starting with the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Some underlying reasons of the mass revolts starting in 2010, known as the Arab Spring, were related to massive suppression of these rights.

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Family Law and Minorities

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Nuclear Programs

A brief survey of the nuclear programs in the Middle East.

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Role of the GCC

Leaders of the Gulf States felt an urgency to join forces after they were challenged by the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran and its possible spillover in the region. On 26 May 1981, in Abu Dhabi the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Charter was signed by the heads of state of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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Education in the Middle East

Preparing coming generations for the future has long been a challenge in the Middle East. Although education budgets have been increasing, illiteracy remains relatively high in the region, especially among women. Fanack’s authors have been asked to highlight the present state of education in the Gulf, Jordan, and Egypt.