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Facts and Figures of Sudan


Political leadership


President Omar al Bashir

President Omar al-Bashir (30 June 1989 - 11 April 2019)

Prime Minister Moataz Moussa (10 September 2018 - 11 April 2019)


Total 1,861,484 sq km; Land (NA); Water (NA) (country comparison to the world: 17)


Total: 6,819 km

Border countries

Central African Republic 174 km, Chad 1403 km, Egypt 1276 km, Eritrea 682 km, Ethiopia 744 km, Libya 382 km, South Sudan 2158 km


853 km


40.53 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.8% 15-64 years: 53.7% 65+ 5.5% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.38% (2017 est.)


34.7% of total population (2017)

Major cities

KHARTOUM (capital) 5.13 million (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups

unspecified Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Beja, Nuba, Fallata, Other


Muslim (official, Sunni), small Christian minority


Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Other


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 75.9% male: 83.3% female: 68.6% (2015 est.)

Real GDP

$79.41 billion (2017); $76.15 billion (2016)

GDP growth

4.28% (2017); 4.70% (2016)

GDP per capita

$1,959.1 (2017 est.); $1,924.0 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

12.73% (2017 est.); 12.73% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

14.9 (2009 est.)

Public debt

121.6% of GDP (2017 est.); 99.5% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

32.4% (2017 est.)

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