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After Iran Deal, Increased Diplomatic Activity to Resolve Syrian Conflict

Iran Nuclear Deal effect on the diplomatic effort to end the Syrian conflict
United Nations special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura (C) speaks with Bashar Jaafari (R), Permanent Representative of the Syrian Arab Republic to the United Nations at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) meeting on the Syrian conflict, in New York, 29 July 2015. Photo Cem Ozdel / Anadolu Agency

On 17 August 2015, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reiterated its demands that all parties to the conflict in Syria cease any and all attacks against civilians as well as any indiscriminate use of weapons in populated areas. The statement read by Joy Ogwu, Nigeria’s permanent representative to the UN and UNSC president for the month of August, urged all warring factions to work towards a political solution to end the four-and-a-half-year civil war. It stressed that “the only sustainable solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people, with a view to full implementation of the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 and, in this regard, emphasizes the urgency for all parties to work diligently and constructively towards this goal.”

The five permanent members of the security council, especially the United States and Russia, repeatedly refer to the Geneva Communiqué (also known as Geneva-I) as providing the basis for key steps in the process to end the violence, and laying the groundwork for the establishment of a transitional governing body, with full executive powers, composed of the present government and the different opposition groups, to reach a political solution. Last July, the UN Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, told the Council that a new approach was urgently needed “in order to work towards political negotiations and a political transition based on the Geneva Communiqué”.

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