Traditional Architecture in Syria
Syria’s past can be seen everywhere in its historical architecture. There are Roman temples – in Palmyra and in Baalbek, to name but two. Magnificent buildings from the Umayyad era have survived, such as the Umayyad Mosques in Damascus or Aleppo, as have early Christian churches – sometimes forming the foundation on which mosques were subsequently built. Remnants of the crusade era can be viewed, such as the Krak des Chevaliers (Qalat al-Husn), a fortress near Homs. The Mamluks left their fortresses, the Ottomans their numerous khans (caravanserais).
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IBN RUSHD/AVERROES (1126 – 1198)