The presidency of Bashar al-Assad, which began in 2000, saw the rise of new elites, young urban professionals from different ethnic or religious backgrounds, who share a high level of education as well as Bashar’s aspiration to modernize the country, that is, to raise the technological level and to develop the economy.
"Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence. This is the equation."
IBN RUSHD/AVERROES (1126 – 1198)
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