Results for Tag: Extremism

165 results found.
Youssef Ziedan, the Egyptian Intellectual Shaking Up Religious Beliefs

Since winning the Arabic Booker in 2009, he has emerged as one of the most outspoken critics of religious extremism and cultural decline in Egypt. His voice is one among a growing number in Egypt calling for cultural change, change that can only happen if Egyptians begin to question dearly held beliefs, especially religious ones.

IS Fallout: The Women and Children No One Wants

“In terms of international law, there is no international legal principal that requires a country to repatriate their nationals. But under international law, countries are not allowed to turn away people who are their nationals if they make it home.”

In Syria, Tensions Persist between Hayat Tahrir al-Sham and al-Qaeda Loyalists

Al-Zawahiri recently released a short video entitled Oppression, in which, unsurprisingly, he warns against oppression. The video features at the end a quotation from Ibn Taymiyya, saying, “God will support the just state, even if it is a disbelieving one, but He will not support the oppressive state, even if it is a believing one.” It could also be that this criticism is directed at the experience of the Islamic State, or perhaps it is directed at both the projects of the Islamic State and HTS.

The Internal Debate on the Islamic State’s Defeat in Iraq and Syria

Of these different trends, the ‘mainstream’ reaction to the group’s defeat is the easiest to explain. It is also the least interesting since it follows the same line as much conventional analysis: that is, stressing that IS will ‘remain’ (Arabic: baqiya), and that the loss of territory does not mean the true end of the caliphate. This is a line that IS’ propaganda has promoted for some time.

The Great Debate: Should Countries Allow IS Fighters to Return?

This is particularly scary for Europeans states since they may not have enough evidence to incriminate every single returnee. To avoid the risk, countries are opting to strip their nationals of their citizenship, sparking uproar and debate among rights activists and policymakers.

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham and al-Qaeda: Affiliates or Foes?

AQ supporters assert that HTS’ leaders disobeyed Zawahiri and undertook steps without appropriate consultation. For example, prior to the formation of HTS in January 2017, Jabhat al-Nusra had rebranded itself as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham in July 2016, which was presented to the media as some kind of breaks with AQ.

Combatting Radicalization in Egypt: the Gap between Theory and Practice

Egypt’s strategy to combat these groups has primarily relied on a security crackdown – specifically on the Muslim Brotherhood – and large-scale military operations against IS in North Sinai. At the same time, the state has set about ‘renewing religious discourse’. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has repeatedly called for a more moderate version of Islam, although the efficacy of the approach to prevent and counter radicalization has been questioned.

Giving Hope and Goals to the Lebanese Youth to prevent Radicalization

The most famous example of a successful initiative to prevent radicalization in Lebanon is a project by the NGO MARCH in Tripoli. It started from 2014 and brought together young people from two rival neighborhoods: the Alawite minority from the Jabal Mohsen area and the Sunni community of Bab el-Tebbaneh. The groups, who live in poor quarters of the city, separated by Syria Street, are known for their sporadic clashes and armed battles in the streets of Tripoli.

Experts: Slow Rebuilding in Iraq could Reignite Ethnic Tensions

Frustrated by the slow pace of government reconstruction, some citizens have begun taking matters into their own hands, with volunteers cleaning the streets and residents rebuilding their own houses and businesses. However, some have accused Baghdad of having sectarian motives for moving slowly on the reconstruction of former IS-held areas, which are primarily Sunni.

Sayyid Muqtada al-Sadr: Iraq’s Shrewd Operator

Muqtada al-Sadr is clearly keen to prove himself as a force to be reckoned with in the Iraqi political arena. Nevertheless, he has not built a long-term strategic alliance with any political players either inside or outside Iraq.