Results for Tag: Iran
Although past attempts to overcome economic limitations have been made with varying success, Iraq remains extremely sensitive to external developments. That the Iraqi economy is presently in such difficulties can be attributed primarily to the penchant of the regime of Saddam Hussein for seeking violent solutions, resulting in three devastating wars within twenty-five years.
The environment is under threat from many directions. Industrialization, population growth, the war of independence, and the civil war of the 1990s have left their traces in the landscape and the ecosystem. Attempts to bring steppe areas under cultivation have resulted in the depletion of the soils, and ecosystems are being changed by desertification
The first evidence of human presence on the small peninsula of Qatar dates from the beginning of the 6th millennium BCE. At that time the climate in eastern Arabia was much wetter than it is nowadays. There were inland wells in abundance and hunters and gatherers could harvest wild cereals. From the beginning of the 4th millennium BCE.
In 1968, Britain announced its intention to withdraw from the Gulf and on 1 September 1971 Qatar became an independent state. Rising oil prices and the nationalization of the oil industry in 1976 allowed Khalifa bin Hamad to invest heavily in education, health care and the creation of state jobs for Qatari nationals.
Al Jazeera’s culture is not as open and tolerant as it is often made out to be. On the contrary, the organization comes across as secretive and close-mouthed, suffering from cronyism and ‘a feeling that the margin of freedom inside the network has been receding lately’. Its claim to independence is ‘taken with a grain of salt by some of its own staff’.