Results for Tag: Jerusalem

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From Antiquity to French Mandate

The coastal region of present-day Lebanon corresponds to an important part of ancient Canaan, which extended from Ugarit (now Ras Shamra) in northern Syria, along the coast and the valley of the river Orontes, down to southern Israel. Later, in the 1st millennium BCE, Tripoli, Byblos, Beryt (Beirut), Sidon (Saida), and Tyre were famous, independent Phoenician cities. From the first century CE on, the Christian religion spread along the Mediterranean Coast and beyond. Lebanon and Syria were among the very first countries to be Christianized. The Christians in the Roman Empire were at first ignored or tolerated, then persecuted, and eventually recognized.

Population of Jordan

the population of Jordan stood at 5,100,981, of whom 51 percent were males and 49 percent females. The growth rate was 2.5 percent, compared to 3.3 percent in 1994. According to the World Bank, the population was estimated at 6.2 million in 2012, at least two million of whom live in Amman. Around 80 percent of the population is urban and it is one of the youngest among upper-middle income countries: 38 percent of the population is under the age of 14, while the entire working age (15-64) cohort comprises only about 58 percent of the population. The life expectancy at birth was 73 years old in 2011.

Israel

The State of Israel is a small country with a surface area of over 20,000 square kilometres. Claims to what Fanack calls Historical Palestine – the site of Jewish kingdoms for a number of centuries BCE – led to the settlement of Zionist Jews in the region from the end of the 19th century. In the course of the 1948 war between Israel and a number of neighbouring Arab states, which broke out after the proclamation of the State of Israel on 14 May 1948, the Israeli forces succeeded in conquering 78 percent of Historical Palestine, including West Jerusalem.