Results for Tag: Palestine
Crime rates in Israel are not very high. Most crime concerns car thefts, break-ins and physical assaults, not infrequently within the home (domestic abuse). Research has indicated, however, that the reporting of crimes by victims is lower than in most Western (European) countries, as they do not believe the police will be able to do anything for them.
When this effort did not succeed, Jerusalem considered sending an Israeli ship to lift the blockade and provide a reason to start a war. President Johnson however told Prime Minister Eshkol that the United States would side squarely with Egypt if Israel provoked the Egyptians and war broke out as a consequence.
For Jordan, the Oslo Process had removed the last obstacle to striking a peace deal with Israel. On 14 September 1993 – one day after the signing of the Declaration of Principles – the Israel-Jordan Common Agenda was announced. Finally, and in the presence of President Clinton, the Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty was signed in the Arava Valley/Wadi Araba (Israel) on 26 October 1994, close to the border with Jordan.
The Palestine resistance to what they saw as the occupation of their homeland grew in force in the mid-50s under the influence of the reviving Arab nationalism, especially in Egypt. In 1952, a group of Egyptian officers, the ‘Free Officers Movement’, staged a coup against King Farouk and declared the Republic of Egypt.
At the beginning of 1969, the June War ultimately lead to a take-over of the PLO from within by the Palestinian member organizations, which had lost confidence in the policies of the Arab states with regard to Israel after the 1967 defeat. As a result, the PLO could now be regarded as the true representative of the Palestinian people, with autonomy of decision. Yasser Arafat, the leader of Fatah, became its new chairman.
The war resulted in additional numbers of Palestinian refugees. An estimated 280,000 to 325,000 Palestinians fled from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to the East Bank of the Jordan River. However, about 600,000 Palestinians remained in the West Bank and about 300,000 in the Gaza Strip. Including the 300,000 Israeli Arabs, the then three million Israeli Jews had administer 1.2 million Arabs in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian territories.
After its forced withdrawal from Jordan in 1970, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) intensified its actions in Lebanon. As had been the case in Jordan, the presence of the armed guerrilla groups also led to conflicts in Lebanon. Israel promptly retaliated after each Palestinian guerrilla raid from Lebanese soil.
The tactics of the Intifada were multiple: organized labour strikes, shop closures, boycotts of Israeli goods, endless demonstrations. Many youngsters took part in the uprising, waving Palestinian flags, and throwing stones at the Israeli military. The refugee camps were inexhaustible sources of recruitment. The uprising was far from non-violent.