Results for Tag: Qatar
From 1850, the history of Qatar is characterized by the slow but gradual rise to power of Mohammed bin Thani and his descendants, the Thani family. Mohammed was a relatively affluent pearl and date trader, who in addition to his worldly businesses acted as prayer leader in the larger mosque of Doha.
In 1968, Britain announced its intention to withdraw from the Gulf and on 1 September 1971 Qatar became an independent state. Rising oil prices and the nationalization of the oil industry in 1976 allowed Khalifa bin Hamad to invest heavily in education, health care and the creation of state jobs for Qatari nationals.
At the end of the 19th century, Qatar became an intermediary vantage point for the British fleet. The region gained significance with the discovery and ensuing exploitation of oil and gas fields in the first half of the 20th century. Today, though a small state on the Persian Gulf, Qatar takes in a prominent position in the region as a major oil and gas producing country.