The transition to political pluralism that was inevitable following the ‘Germanophile’ policy of the regime of İsmet İnönü, who replaced Mustafa Kemal Atatürk after his death in 1938, led to political change in 1950. Between 1950 and 1960, the government of Adnan Menderes (1899-1961), of the Democratic Party – which became very authoritarian especially after […]
Results for Tag: Turkey
In the course of the 20th century Turkey witnessed sweeping social and economic reforms. Turkey has transformed from an underdeveloped, rural society into a predominantly urbanized country experiencing rapid economic growth. The social infrastructure, however, has not kept pace with these economic changes. In many respects, Turkey remains a conservative society.
Wedged in between Europe, Russia, Persia and the Arab world, for centuries Anatolia – the heartland of the modern Turkish state – has been both a battleground and the arena of successive civilizations, each leaving their mark on the region. No longer a country exporting unskilled labourers, today’s Turkey is an active player in the international field of trade and industry.
Over the centuries successive civilizations have left their mark on Anatolia. Turkey’s impressive architecture, across the country, bears testimony to its rich past, and visitors can admire many artefacts in Turkey’s museums – and in many museums abroad. Modern Turkish music and literature enjoy worldwide acclaim, yet the international public is yet to discover the Turkish film industry.
From the 16th until the end of the 13th centuries BCE the city of Ugarit (Ras Shamra) on the coast was the most important harbour of the Levant, trading with Egypt, Greece, Anatolia and Mesopotamia. Archaeologists have excavated remains of palaces, domestic complexes, temples and shrines, and – most importantly – libraries. Ugarit was sacked around 1200 BCE, probably by the infamous Sea Peoples, of whom not much is known.