An overview of the rise of pan-Arabism in Syria. The last decades of the 19th century saw the awakening of an Arab identity.
An overview of the Mamluks era in Syria between 1291 and 1517 AD. The Mamluks – slave officers of Turkish origins – took over in Egypt in 1250.
An overview of the crusades in Syria. The First Crusade began in 1095 when pope Urban II called for a military expedition to the Byzantine Empire.
Bashar al-Assad, reportedly an indecisive personality, has not dominated the regime as his father did, and other members of the al-Assad family have wielded …
On 27 March 2012, following intensive negotiations, Kofi Annan announced that Syria had accepted a six-point peace plan.
In 1961, Kuwait was the first of the British controlled sheikhdoms of the Gulf to attain independence, and the only one to take the initiative itself.
In January 2006, Sheikh Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber was pledged allegiance as an Emir for the country, succeeding Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, whose reign …
After independence was declared, Emir Isa announced that Bahrain would adopt a constitutional form of government
Even in a region known for autocratic rule the Al Khalifa regime of Bahrain has long been notorious for its particularly repressive character