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Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Facts & Figures of Turkey

Political leadership

Turkey Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 28 August 2014)

Land

Total 783,562 sq km; Land 769,632 sq km; Water 13,930 sq Km; (country comparison to the world: 38)

Boundaries

total: 2,816 km

Border countries

Armenia311 kmAzerbaijan17 kmBulgaria223 km
Georgia273 kmGreece192 kmIran534 km
Iraq367 kmSyria899 km

Coastline

7,200 km

Population

80.81 million (2017 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.6% 15-64 years: 67.9% 65+ 8.5 % (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

1.24% (2017 est.)

Urbanisation

92.5% of total population (2017)

Major cities

Istanbul 18.6% of total population, ANKARA (capital) 6.7%, Izmir 5.3%, Izmir 3,6%, Antalya 2.9% (2017 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)

Religions

Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Languages

Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Literacy

(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95.6% male: 98.6% female: 92.6% (2015)

Real GDP

$1.206 Trillion (2017); $1.123 Trillion (2016)

GDP growth

7.4% (2017); 3.2% (2016)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$14,933.3 (2017 est.); $14,117.4 (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate

11.26% (2017 est.); 10.84% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line

0.2% (2016 est.)

Public debt

28.3% of GDP (2017 est.); 28.3% of GDP (2016 est.)

Inflation rate

11.1% (2017 est.)