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Facts & Figures


Political leadership

Turkey Erdogan

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 10 August 2014)

Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu (since 28 August 2014)


total: 783,562 sq km


total: 2,648 km

Border countries

Armenia268 kmAzerbaijan9 kmBulgaria240 km
Georgia252 kmGreece206 kmIran499 km
Iraq352 kmSyria822 km


7,200 km


79,414,269 (2015 est.) (country comparison to the world: 19)

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.5% 15-64 years: 67.5% 65+ 7.1 % (2015 est.)

Population growth rate

1.26% (2015 est.)


Urban population: 73.4% of total population (2015) rate of urbanisation: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-2015 est.)

Major cities

Istanbul 14.16 million, Ankara (capital) 4.75 million, Izmir 3.04 million, Bursa 1.9 million, Adana 1.83 million, Gaziantep 1.53 million (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)


Muslim (mostly Sunni) 99.8%, other 0.2 % (mostly Christians and Jews)


Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages


(Age 15+ Can Read and Write) total population: 95% male: 98.4% female: 91.8% (2015)


$1.576 trillion (2015 est.) $1.53 trillion (2014 est.)

GDP Real growth rate

3% (2015 est.) 2.9% (2014 est.)

GDP per capita (PPP)

$20,500 (2015 est.) $19,900 (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

total 10.4% (2015 est.), youth (15-24) 18.7% (2013 est.)

Population below poverty line

16.9% (2010 est.)

Public debt

33.1% of GDP (2015 est.) 35% of GDP (2014 est.)

Inflation rate

7.5% (2015 est.)

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